Table of Contents

What is the Difference Between Percentile and Percentage

What is the Difference Between ‘Percentile’ and ‘Percentage’, and How Are Both Calculated?

When it comes to data analysis, understanding the concepts of ‘percentile’ and ‘percentage’ is crucial. Though these terms are often used interchangeably, they represent distinct statistical measures. In this blog, we will delve into the difference between ‘percentile’ and ‘percentage’ and explain how both are calculated.

What is a Percentage?


A percentage is a way of expressing a number as a fraction of 100. It is calculated by dividing the part by the whole and then multiplying the result by 100. The formula for calculating a percentage is:


Example Calculation of Percentage

What is the Difference Between Percentile and Percentage

Let’s consider a class where 10 students appear for a Math test, with the maximum possible marks being 80. Here are the marks scored by individual students: 58, 60, 75, 70, 55, 65, 80, 45, 50, 68.

To calculate Ron’s percentage, who scored 58 marks:

Percentage=(58/80) ×100=72.5%

Hence, Ron’s score as a percentage is 72.5%.

How to get Admission in JBIMS?

What is a Percentile?


A percentile is a measure used in statistics indicating the value below which a given percentage of observations in a group of observations fall. For example, the 20th percentile is the value below which 20% of the observations may be found.

Example Calculation of Percentile

What is the Difference Between Percentile and Percentage

Using the same dataset of 10 students’ scores, let’s determine the percentiles. Here are the sorted marks: 45, 50, 55, 58, 60, 65, 68, 70, 75, 80.

  • Ben has the highest score of 80, so he is in the 100th percentile.
  • Ken has the lowest score of 45, so he is in the 0th percentile.
  • Smith has the second highest score of 75, placing him above 90% of the students (his percentile is 90th).
  • Andy, with a score of 55, is above 30% of the students (his percentile is 30th).

Percentile calculation can be more complex, especially for larger datasets, and often relies on specific formulas or software tools like Excel. In Excel, you can use the PERCENTRANK function to determine the percentile of a given score within a dataset.

Key Differences Between Percentile and Percentage

  • Definition: A percentage is a way of expressing a number as a fraction of 100, while a percentile indicates the value below which a certain percentage of observations fall.
  • Calculation: Percentage is calculated by the formula (Part/Whole)×100. Percentile calculation can vary but generally involves ranking the data and finding the position of the score within the dataset.
  • Usage: Percentages are used in a wide range of applications, from grades to financial statistics. Percentiles are primarily used in statistics and data analysis to understand the distribution of data.

Practical Applications

  • Percentages: Used in everyday life to determine discounts, interest rates, and grades.
  • Percentiles: Used in standardized testing, health indicators (like BMI), and various fields of research to understand data distribution.


Understanding the difference between ‘percentile’ and ‘percentage’ is essential for accurate data analysis and interpretation. Percentages offer a straightforward way to express proportions, while percentiles provide insight into the relative standing within a dataset. Mastering both concepts and their calculations will enhance your ability to analyze and present data effectively.

By incorporating these statistical measures, you can better understand and communicate the significance of your data, whether you’re analyzing test scores, financial data, or any other type of information.

Ready to Join the Planet E Family?

We are located conveniently,

Address: 104, 1st Floor, Civic Centre, MMGS Marg, Dasturwadi, Opp. Sunshine Plaza, Near Kailash Lassiwala, Dadar East, Mumbai 400014


Address: Office no 3, 1st Floor, Siddharth Tower, Gokhale Road, Ambedkar Chowk, Jambli naka, Next to Thane Station, Thane West, Thane, Maharashtra 400601


Take that first step towards your dream – Contact us today!


Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Planet E Thane
Planet E Dadar

Get a Free Call From our education Counsellor