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CURRENT AFFAIRS BOOSTER : 14th SEPTEMBER 2023



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Current Affairs

 


14th September 2023




NATIONAL AFFAIRS


1)  India G20 Summit, 9 September 2023 – 10 September 2023

The two-day 18th G20 (Group of 20) Leaders’ Summit, under India’s presidency, happened in Bharat Mandapam International Exhibition and Convention Centre, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi from September 9th to 10th, 2023. This is the first ever G20 Summit being hosted by India.

·         The meeting was held under the theme of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” or “One Earth – One Family – One Future”. It is inspired from the Maha Upanishad, an old Sanskrit scripture.

·         The theme also spotlights LiFE (Lifestyle for Environment).

Key Attendees:
The members of the G20 are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

·         G20 Invitees: The Nations invited by India included delegates from these countries: Bangladesh, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Egypt, Mauritius, Oman, Singapore, Spain, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

·         G-20’s invited international organisations included UN (United Nations), IMF(International Monetary Fund), World Bank, WHO (World Health Organization), WTO (World Trade Organization), ILO(International Labour Organization), FSB (Financial Stability Board), OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), AU (African Union), NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development) , ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), ADB (Asian Development Bank), ISA (International Seabed Authority), and CDRI (China Development Research Institute).

·         On September 9, 2023, at the G20 Summit held in New Delhi, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the Global Biofuel Alliance (GBA), a collective effort aimed at reducing the world’s dependency on petrol and diesel fuels.

·         During the 18th G20 Summit, Indian PM Narendra Modi announced that the African Union has been included as a member of the G20, making it the 21st member.

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2)  NABARD Inks MoU with UNDP India to Boost Data-Driven Innovations in Agriculture

On September 12, 2023, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) signed a 5-year Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on technical cooperation for the joint development of data-driven innovations in agriculture and food systems to support smallholder farmers.
Aim:
To promote sustainable agriculture, reducing vulnerability by sharing best practices and optimizing investments
Signatories:
It was signed by Chief General Manager of NABARD, Sanjeev Rohilla, and UNDP Deputy Resident Representative, Isabelle Tschan.
What will be done under the MoU?
i.Under this MoU, NABARD and UNDP will share open-source data for product development, technology transfer, collective climate action, and agrarian policy support to enhance the livelihoods of smallholder farmers.
ii.UNDP will utilize its expertise in open innovations, data collaboratives, data science, and global knowledge to support NABARD’s goal of data-driven decision-making in agriculture investments.
iii.UNDP and NABARD will analyze agricultural trends over time to optimize investment decisions in areas like watershed management, micro-irrigation, warehouse, and climate-related initiatives.
iv.The partnership will also include enhancing and disseminating collaborative digital public goods like DiCRA (Data in Climate Resilient Agriculture).
About DiCRA and how it will be useful in this partnership:
Curated by UNDP and partner organizations, it provides intelligence on climate resilience for 50 million hectares of farmland across India. It identifies resilient and vulnerable farms by using data science and machine learning, crucial for India’s 80% of rural women employed in agriculture, who are highly vulnerable to climate change.

·         As a part of the partnership, NABARD will host and maintain the DiCRA platform and utilize its geospatial datasets for policy-making, research, and development activities with UNDP’s technical support.

About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD):
Chairman– Shaji K V
Headquarters– Mumbai, Maharashtra
Established on 12 July 1982

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3)  MoLE Signs MoUs with Private Job Portals/Employers to Integrate with NCS Portal

On September 12, 2023, the Ministry of Labour and Employment (MoLE) signed Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with various job portals, employers, and skill providers to integrate with its National Career Service (NCS) portal.

·         This collaboration allows private job portals to share their job openings on the NCS platform, expanding employment opportunities for registered jobseekers of NCS.

·         This partnership is set to benefit over 30 lakh eShram registered workers in the unorganized sector who have joined NCS.

Notes:
i.The eShram portal is used for enrollment, registration, collection and identification of the required data of all the unorganised workers
ii.NCS is a mission mode project launched in 2015 which is being implemented by the Directorate General of Employment, MoLE. It is a one-stop solution providing employment and career related services to the citizens of India.
Aim of MoUs:
To enhance employment opportunities and services for jobseekers on NCS portal
Signatories:
MoUs were signed by Amit Nirmal, Deputy Director General (Employment) on behalf of MoLE presence of Arti Ahuja, Secretary, MoLE; and Ramesh Krishnamurthi, Additional Secretary (Labour and Employment).
Entities with which MoUs were Signed:

1.      TeamLease HRtech (Freshersworld)

2.      Monster.com India Pvt Ltd referred as foundit

3.      QUESS CORP Limited

4.      Delivery Track (VSS Tech)

5.      KARPAGA Assessment APP MATRIX Services Private Limited (HireMee)

6.      QUIKR INDIA Private Limited

7.      TCS iON

8.      Firstjob.co.in

Other MoUs by MoLE:
i.MoLE partnered with TCS iON to offer free online soft skills employability training in English and Hindi, enhancing jobseekers’ employability and workforce quality.

·         TCS iON is a strategic unit of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) focused on Manufacturing Industries (SMB), Educational Institutions and Examination Boards.

ii.MoLE also signed an MoU with HireMee to provide free aptitude tests, benefiting both jobseekers and employers by streamlining candidate selection.

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4)  12th India-UK EFD: Announced the launch of UK-India Infrastructure Financing Bridge

India and the United Kingdom (UK) announced the launch of the UK-India Infrastructure Financing Bridge (UKIIFB) during the 12th Round of Ministerial India-UK Economic and Financial Dialogue (EFD) held in New Delhi, Delhi on 11th September 2023, to secure long-term investment for vital infrastructure sectors in India.

·         UKIIFB is a collaborative initiative signifies the continuing commitment of both nations to work in close cooperation toward unlocking substantial infrastructure investment opportunities in India.

·         UKIIFB initiative also provide expertise and investment to support the National Infrastructure Pipeline of India.

About the United Kingdom (UK):
Capital– London
Prime Minister– Rishi Sunak
Currency– Pound Sterling, or Great British Pound (GBP)

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5)  Rajnath Singh Inaugurates 90 Infrastructure Projects Worth Over Rs 2900 Crore  By BRO

Union Minister Rajnath Singh, Ministry of Defense inaugurated 90 infrastructure projects constructed by Border Road Organisation (BRO) at a ceremony organised by the BRO at Devak Bridge on Bishnah-Kaulpur-Phulpur Road in Jammu and Kashmir.

·         The projects have been constructed in 11 border States and Union Territories of India.

·         The BRO completed the construction of these projects with Rs 2941 crores in less time frame using state-of-the-art technology.

Note: The state-of-the-art 422.9 meter long Class 70 RCC Devak bridge enhances the operational preparedness of the Armed Forces.
Infrastructure Projects and Locations:
i.The infrastructure projects  include Nechiphu Tunnel in Arunachal Pradesh; two airfields in West Bengal, two helipads, 22 roads and 63 bridges.
ii.Among these 90 projects Arunachal Pradesh hosts 36 of them, Ladakh is home to 26, Jammu & Kashmir accommodates 11, Mizoram sees five, Himachal Pradesh has three

·         Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and West Bengal each have two.

·         There is one project in Nagaland, one in Rajasthan, and one in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Nechiphu Tunnel in Arunachal Pradesh:
The tunnel is of 500-metre long located  on Balipara-Charduar-Tawang Road in Arunachal Pradesh.

·         The all-weather connectivity tunnel will be used by Armed Forces deployed and the tourists to visit Tawang Region of Arunachal Pradesh.

Bagdogra and Barrackpore Airfields:
The Bagdogra and Barrackpore Airfields in West Bengal were renovated to bolster the preparedness of the Indian Air Force (IAF) and to facilitate commercial flight operations in the region.
Upcoming Projects:
i.Nyoma Airfield: The foundation stone was also laid for Nyoma Airfield in Eastern Ladakh to be developed at a cost of Rs 200 crore.
ii.Shinkun La Tunnel: the world’s highest tunnel at an altitude of 15,855 feet. to connect Lahaul-Spiti in Himachal pradesh to the Zaskar Valley in Ladakh.

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6)  Govt Inaugurated VSK; Laid foundation stone for 141 PM SHRI Schools & NSCBAV in Uttarakhand

Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan, Ministry of Education(MoE) and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) along with Pushkar Singh Dhami, Chief Minister (CM) of Uttarakhand, inaugurated the Vidya Samiksha Kendra (VSK) in Dehradun, Uttarakhand.

·         They also laid the Foundation Stone of 141 Pradhan Mantri Schools for Rising India (PM SHRI) Schools and 40 bed Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Awasiya Vidyalaya (NSCBAV) (residential school) in Dehradun Uttarakhand.

·         PM SHRI Schools will serve as the  models for the existing schools to achieve excellence and the NSCBAV will provide quality education to underprivileged children.

Vidhya Samiksha Kendra (VSK) in Uttarakhand:
i.VSK is a technology-based and modern data-driven model that aims to enhance the learning outcomes of Uttarakhand’s 23.50 lakh school students of Uttarakhand.

·         The Education Department of the Government of Gujarat set up India’s first VSK in 2019 as a prototype, aimed at leveraging data and technology to bring a transformation in learning outcomes.

ii.Since the introduction of the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020), VSK has expanded its reach across India, ensuring a standardised and effective approach to education.

·         NEP 2020 is a philosophical document for creating a knowledge-based economy in the 21st century.

Points to note:
i.Government of India (GoI) has sanctioned more than Rs 79 crore for this financial year for 142 PM-Shri schools and 3 Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose residential hostels in the Uttarakhand.
ii.More than Rs 18 crore has already been sanctioned by the Union government for the 1st phase.
Other Launches & Highlights:
i.During the event, the Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Uttarakhand CM Pushkar Singh Dhami also launched the Chief Minister Higher Education Meritorious Scholarship Scheme and Higher Education Research Incentive Scheme for Uttarakhand.
ii.The Research Scholarship aligns with the National Research Foundation in which teachers of Uttarakhand will be receiving grants for their research projects.

·         Under this scheme, the Uttarakhand government will provide a grant of Rs. 15-18 lakhs to those who want to go ahead with research.

iii.The Union Minister Dharmendra Pradhan also attended the Amrit Kaal Dialogue at the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies at Bidholi, Uttarakhand.

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7)  IICA & UNICEF jointly organize workshop on Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting

 On September 12, 2023, the Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (IICA) organised a workshop on Business Responsibility and Sustainability Reporting (BRSR) in collaboration with UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund) and National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) at the NSE premises in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

·         It was inaugurated by Dr. Harish Ahuja, SVP (Senior Vice President) & Head PSD – Power & Carbon Markets, Investor Awareness, NSE.

·         The workshop was part of the ongoing collaboration between IICA and UNICEF  to promote responsible business conduct among corporates and relevant stakeholders in India.

Aim:
The workshop aimed to provide a comprehensive understanding of the BRSR framework.
What is BRSR framework?
It is based on the 9 principles of the National Guidelines for Responsible Business Conduct (NGRBC).  It mandates the top 1000 listed companies to report their ESG performance, showcasing their dedication to responsible business conduct.
Participants:
The workshop was attended by more than 50 Sustainability, CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility), ESG (Environment, Social and Governance) and BHR (Business Human Rights) professionals from key corporate entities.
Key Points:
i.Workshop topics included CSR and ESG for building responsible brands, effective BRSR disclosures, digital tools, IT portal/software for BRSR, and the application of family-friendly policies in business.
ii.Participants enhanced their BRSR knowledge and implementation skills through interactive learning and peer networking.
iii.Upcoming BRSR workshops are scheduled in different Indian cities, including Indore, Madhya Pradesh (MP) (20 Sept.), Delhi (26 Sept.), and Bengaluru, Karnataka (29 Sept.).
Points to note:
IICA: It was established as a think-tank of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) which provides necessary support through policy advocacy, research and capacity building programmes to Government, Corporates, and other relevant stakeholders.
SoBE: School of Business Environment (SoBE), a school within IICA, has the mandate to work in the domains of CSR, ESG and BHR to strengthen the Responsible Business ecosystem.
About Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs (IICA):
IICA was registered as a society on September 12, 2008 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
Director General & CEO– Praveen Kumar
Headquarters– Gurugram, Haryana

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8)  MNRE Extends Waiver of DCR for Solar Cells Under Comp C of PM KUSUM till March 2024

 The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) has extended the relaxation for the provision of requirement of indigenous domestic content requirement (DCR) under Component C of Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Surakshaevam Utthaan Mahabhiyan Yojana (PM-KUSUM Scheme) till 31st March 2024.

·         The DCR requirement for solar cells was waived off for projects awarded on or before June 20, 2023.

·         This is a continuation of the memorandum issued by MNRE in August 2022, which extended the DCR waiver until 20th June 2023. This decision comes after receiving industry representations on the matter.

About PM KUSUM Scheme:
i.Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Surakshaevam Utthaan Mahabhiyan Yojana (PM-KUSUM Scheme) was launched in March 2019 by the MNRE, to subsidize farmers to install solar irrigation pumps for cultivation.
ii.It has 3 components:

·         Component A: 10,000 (Mega Watt) MW of solar capacity through installation of small Solar Power Plants of individual plants of capacity upto 2 MW.

·         Component B: Installation of 20 lakh standalone Solar Powered Agriculture Pumps.

·         Component C: Solarisation of 15 Lakh Grid-connected Agriculture Pumps.

Note: Component C is also known as Feeder Level Solarization(FLS). It envisages solarization of 10 Lakh grid connected agricultural pumps with unique pump capacity of upto 7.5 Horse Power (HP).
Key Points:
i.DCR Rule, which mandates the use of local solar cells and modules, is crucial for PM-KUSUM’s implementation.
ii.The extension aims to support the scheme’s efforts to decarbonize agriculture by promoting solar energy use in various forms.
iii.As of February 28, 2023, the scheme has installed 89.45 MW of solar capacity under Component A and approximately 2.09 lakh pumps have been installed or solarized under Components B and C, equivalent to about 1,140 MW of solar capacity.

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BANKING & FINANCE


9)  Cashfree Payments Partners With NPCI To Launch Customer On-Boarding Feature

Cashfree Payments India Private Limited in collaboration with National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) launched “AutoPay on QR(Quick Response)”, a feature enabling customer onboarding through a 2-step process.

·         The 2 step process involves scanning the QR code and approving an e-mandate through Unified Payments Interface (UPI) apps.

Working:
i.Subscription-based businesses should circulate their subscription QR codes through various marketing channels like online ads, newspapers, websites, TV, and product packaging.
ii.This will eliminate the necessity to download an app or register on the website which is time consuming and poor onboarding experience.
Additional Info:
i.Cashfree Payments works with banks to build the core payments and banking infrastructure that powers the company’s products.
ii.It is also integrated with major platforms such as Shopify, Wix, PayPal, Amazon Pay, Paytm, and Google Pay.
About Cashfree Payments India Private Limited:
Cashfree Payments is a payments and banking technology company that enables businesses in India to collect payments online and make payouts.
Chief Executive Officer(CEO)- Akash Sinha
Headquarters-  Bengaluru, Karnataka
Established in-  2015
About National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI):
NPCI was launched in 2008 by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Indian Banks’ Association (IBA) under the provisions of the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007.
Chief Executive Officer(CEO)- Dilip Asbe
Headquarters-  Mumbai, Maharashtra

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10)       Mastercard And Invest India Along With Tourism Ministry Launched Enhanced Priceless.com

‘Mastercard’ with the support  from the Ministry of Tourism and Invest India has launched Priceless.com to explore India’s history and culture (using latest travel trends).

·         Priceless.com will support the “Dekho Apna Desh“ initiative of the Tourism Ministry.

About Priceless.com:
i.priceless.com is an extension of Mastercard’s global priceless platform that offers exclusive experiences and privileges to Mastercard cardholders around the world.
ii.It paves a way for  local and international travellers to experience the country’s diverse heritage.
iii.The program enables Mastercard cardholders to gain exclusive access to culture-rich, gastronomical, and wellness luxe experiences in New Delhi(Delhi), Agra(Uttar Pradesh), Jodhpur(Rajasthan), Dehradun (Uttarakhand), Pune(Maharashtra), etc.

·         The program offers many experiences including a visit to Qutub Minar in New Delhi and to the streets Old Agra.

Demand for travel:
According to the Mastercard Economics Institute’s Travel Industry Trends 2023, spending on experiences at travel destinations has increased by 65% since March 2019, driven by pent-up demand for travel.

·         Priceless.com is available exclusively to Mastercard cardholders which aims to create memorable, once-in-a-lifetime experiences for its cardholders.

Dekho Apna Desh initiative:
Introduced in Budget 2023, the scheme aims to promote domestic tourism and encourage people to explore the rich cultural heritage and diversity of India.

·         The scheme is intended to offer financial assistant to tourists travelling to different parts of India.

About Mastercard:
President – Ari Sarker( Asia Pacific)
Headquarters – NewYork, United States of America(USA)
Established in –  1966

About Invest India:
Invest India is the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency of India, set up as a non-profit venture under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade(DPIIT), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India.
Chief Executive Officer(CEO) – Nivruti Rai
Headquarters- New Delhi, Delhi
Established in – 2009
About Ministry of Tourism:
Union Minister – G. Kishan Reddy (Constituency: Secunderabad, Telangana)
Minister of State(MoS) – Ajay Bhatt (Constituency: Nainital – Udhamsingh Nagar, Uttarakhand) ; Shripad Yesso Naik (Constituency: North Goa, Goa)

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ECONOMY & BUSINESS


11)       Hindalco Partners with Italy’s Metra to Manufacture Extruded Products for Rail Coaches 

Hindalco Industries Limited signed a technology partnership with Rodengo Saiano, Italy-based Metra SpA to manufacture high-precision extruded products for high-speed aluminium rail coaches in India.

·         Extruded aluminium is important in the railway industry because it combines weight reduction and mechanical strength.

·         Hindalco plans to invest Rs.2,000 crore in making passenger coaches for the Vande Bharat trains and this technology partnership will provide cutting-edge technology for this effort.

Note:

·         Hindalco Industries Limited, the metals flagship company of Aditya Birla Group, is the world’s largest aluminium rolling and recycling company.

·         Metra SpA produces high-technology content aluminium extrusions for Railway, Mechanics, Industrial, Automobile and Architectural applications.

·         Extrusion is the process of shaping material such as aluminum, by forcing it to flow through a shaped opening in a die.

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12)       Air India Launches Project Abhinandan to Offer Enhanced On-Ground Experience to Passengers

Tata Sons-owned Air India launched “Project Abhinandan” (greetings in Hindi) to provide personalised and hassle free ground experience for its passengers.
As part of the Project Abhinandan, Specially trained Service Assurance Officers(SAOs) will be stationed at 16 major airports in India to provide support and assistance to Air India guests.

·         The 16 major airports include Ahmedabad(Gujarat), Bengaluru(Karnataka), Kochi & Kozhikode(Kerala), Chennai(Tamil Nadu), Delhi, Goa, Guwahati(Assam), Hyderabad(Telangana), Kolkata(West Bengal), Varanasi & Lucknow(Uttar Pradesh), Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune (Maharashtra), and Vishakhapatnam(Andhra Pradesh).

·         Over 100 Service Assurance Officers have already been recruited and deployed across airports.

·         These officers have been trained to deal with unexpected problems that travellers may have, such as missed flights, delayed baggage delivery, and misconnections.

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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY


13)       GSITI Signs 5-year MoU with ISRO, for Capacity Building in Mineral Resources, Disaster Management

 The Geological Survey of India Training Institute (GSITI) in Hyderabad (Telangana) has signed a 5-year Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in Bengaluru (Karnataka) as part of the National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) programme.
Signatories:
The MoU was signed by Dr Mathew Joseph, Deputy Director General and Head of Mission-V, representing GSITI, and Dr JV Thomas, Director of Earth Observation Applications and Disaster Management Support Programme Office (EDPO), ISRO, in the presence of Shantanu Bhatawdekar, Scientific Secretary, ISRO.
Objective :
The primary objective of the project is capacity building through the generation of a skilled workforce (human resources) in the Application of Digital Image Processing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in Mineral Exploration, Advanced Remote Sensing Techniques in Mineral Exploration, and Applications of Geo-informatics in Disaster Management.
About the Collaborative Project Between GSITI & ISRO:
i.The scope of the collaborative project between GSITI and ISRO is to conduct a series of training for capacity building in the areas of mineral resources and disaster management within the framework NNRMS programme.
ii.This aims to provide individuals with the essential skills and knowledge required to contribute effectively to the sustainable management of natural resources and disaster response efforts.
iii.The Photo Geology and Remote Sensing (PGRS) Division at GSITI, Hyderabad will conduct 15 training programs over the next 5 years, with an estimated 300 participants.

·         These participants represent Central/State Government Departments, Public Sector Units (PSUs), faculty members, and research scholars of academic institutions.

About National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS):
The NNRMS of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change(MoEF&CC) is a Central Sector (National level) inter-agency system Scheme.
It aimed at the utilisation of Remote Sensing Technology for the Inventorisation, Assessment, and Monitoring of the country’s natural resources.
ISRO-developed Device Named ‘Nabhmitra’ for Fishers’ Safety Successfully Tested at Neendakara 
ISRO has successfully tested its innovative device named ‘Nabhmitra’, which was developed at ISRO-Space Applications Centre in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The device aims to enhance the safety of fishermen during their sea expeditions.

·         The testing took place at Neendakara in Kollam, Kerala, where the device was installed on a fishing vessel and tested in the presence of scientists and Fisheries department officials.

·         Nabhmitra operates on the basis of a satellite-based communication system that facilitates two-way communication, bridging the gap between sea and shore.

Features and Benefits of Nabhmitra:
i.Fishers receive crucial weather and cyclone warnings in their local language, and the boats can also send distress messages to the authorities.
ii.In emergencies such as capsizing or fire, fishers can swiftly send distress signals to the authorities in the control center with the push of a button.
iii.The control center instantly receives the distress alert, along with the precise location of the distressed vessel (boat), expediting rescue efforts, and the fishers on the distressed vessel receive prompt response messages.
iv.Apart from providing information about shipping channels and maritime boundaries, the device will also help to identify fishing fields.

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SPORTS


14)       Indonesia Masters 2023 Badminton: India’s Kiran George Wins Men’s Singles Title

India’s Kiran George won the men’s singles title at the BNI Indonesia Masters 2023 held from 5th to 10th September 2023 in Medan, Indonesia.

·         BNI Indonesia Masters 2023 is the Badminton World Federation(BWF) World Tour Super 100 tournament.

·         This marks Kiran George’s second BWF Super 100 title after he won his maiden title at the Odisha Open in 2022.

Highlights:
i.Men’s Singles: India’s Kiran George won the men’s singles title by defeating Koo Takahashi of Japan in the finals.

·         This win helped him to get the career-best BWF 39th rank in men’s singles.

ii.Women Singles: Ester Nurumi Tri Wardoyo of Indonesia won the women’s singles title by defeating Chiu Pin-Chian of Chinese Taipei in the finals.
iii.Men’s Doubles: Sabar Karyaman Gutama and Muhammad Reza Pahlevi Isfahani of Indonesia won the men’s doubles title by defeating Kakeru Kumagai and Kota Ogawa of Japan.
iv.Women’s Doubles:  Lanny Tria Mayasari and Ribka Sugiarto of Indonesia won the women’s doubles title by defeating Chang Ching Hui and Yang Ching Tun of Chinese Taipei.
v.Mixed Doubles:Roy King Yap and Valeree Siow of Malaysia won the mixed doubles title by defeating Hiroki Nishi and Akari Sato of Japan.
Prize Money:
Total – USD 100,000
Singles Winner – USD 7,500
Doubles Winner – USD 7,900 
Key points:
i.Indian pair Tanisha Crasto and Ashwini Ponnappa lost to Sung Yu-Hsuan and  Wang Szu-Min of Chinese Taipei in the women’s doubles semifinals.
ii.India’s Mansi Singh lost to Chiu Pin-Chian of Chinese Taipei in the women’s singles quarter-finals.

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IMPORTANT DAYS


15)       World Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Day 2023- September 7

 World Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Day also known as World Duchenne Awareness Day (WDAD) is annually observed across the globe on 7th September, to increase awareness of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), a rare genetic disorder affecting muscles.

·         WDAD also raises awareness and inspires action to improve the lives of people living with Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD/BMD).

The 2023 theme of World Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Day theme is “Duchenne: Breaking Barriers“.

·         7th September 2023 marks the observance of the 10th World Duchenne Awareness Day.

Background:
i.In 2014, Elizabeth Vroom, the Chair and Cofounder of the World Duchenne Organization (WDO); and Nicoletta Madia, the Community Coordinator of the WDO, initiated the observance of World Duchenne Awareness Day to raise global awareness about DMD.

·         WDO, formerly known as the United Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (UPPMD) is a Netherland-based global umbrella organization of national patient organizations established in 2000.

·         WDO represents persons with Duchenne and their families worldwide.

ii.The first-ever World Duchenne Awareness Day was celebrated in 2014.
iii.Since 2014, the day has become a worldwide movement with participants from across the globe.
About Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy(DMD):
i.Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is named after Dr. Duchenne de Boulogne, a French neurologist who was one of the first to report the disease in detail in the 1860s.
ii.DMD is a genetic disorder characterized by progressive muscle degeneration and weakness due to the alterations of a protein called ‘dystrophin’ that helps keep muscle cells intact.

·         Approximately 1 in every 5.000 boys is born with the disease. It is caused by a mutation on the X-chromosome, this is why only a few girls are affected.

Symptoms:

·         The initial sign of a problem is difficulty in walking. Then, other motor functions follow until it ultimately affects the ability to breathe as well as the function of the heart, as the heart is a muscle too.

·         The missing protein has a role in brain function, potentially causing learning and behavioural issues.

About Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD):
Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD) is one of nine types of muscular dystrophies, a group of genetic, degenerative diseases primarily affecting voluntary muscles.

·         BMD is named after German doctor Peter Emil Becker, who first described this variant of DMD in the 1950s.

Note:
DMD/BMD are both X-linked recessive disorders. Both conditions are caused by mutations in the dystrophin gene, which encodes the protein dystrophin. BMD has a later onset and milder symptoms compared to DMD.
2023 Observance in India:
i.The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), commemorated World Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Day on 7th September 2023, with the vision aimed at raising awareness about Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD).

·         The DEPwD under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment(MoSJE) is the central authority overseeing the development agenda for Persons with Disabilities across India.

ii.The DEPwD conducted a series of events at more than 50 locations across India to create awareness among people all over India through the institutions associated with it.

·         The events included Seminars and Webinars, Awareness Programmes, Quiz Competition Distribution of Aids, and Appliances Physical Screening Camp Rally.

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