Daily Current Affairs April 2023| GK for Bank exams preparation and other competitive exams

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Current Affairs


23rd & 24th April 2023


1) SAIL-BSL signs MoU with TCIL to utilize 5G/ IT / Telecom technologies in Steel manufacturing

On April 21, 2023, the Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)-Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Telecommunications Consultants India Limited (TCIL) to explore potential of application of 5G/ Information Technology (IT)/ Telecom and other wireless communication technologies in SAIL-BSL.

·         SAIL BSL includes SAIL’s Mines & Collieries, Central Coal Supply Organization and the SAIL Refractory Unit in Jharkhand.

The MoU was signed B.K.Tiwari, Executive Director (Works), SAIL- BSL; and Ms Alka Selot Asthana, Executive Director (IT & Telecom), TCIL at SAIL’s Bokaro Steel Plant.
Key Points:
i.With this pact, SAIL BSL became the first PSU in India to take initiative for setting up a dedicated 5G network with the help of TCIL which will utilize 5G/ IT / Telecom technologies in Steel manufacturing.
ii.This partnership will also be useful in providing innovative solutions in SAIL Mines and Collieries in Jharkhand, Smart Cities etc.
iii.TCIL has the necessary expertise, experience, and resources to provide solutions for deployment, testing, commissioning, and maintenance of MoU relevant technologies for SAIL-BSL.



2) MoCA launched 5th Phase of Regional Connectivity Scheme UDAN 5.0

The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) has launched the fifth phase of the Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) – Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) or UDAN 5.0, to improve the connectivity of the country’s regional territories, after four successful rounds of bidding.

·         On April 21 2023, the MoCA initiated the process of inviting bids from airlines for various routes under the fifth round of bidding for its RCS UDAN 5.0 by releasing a bid document.

·         UDAN 5.0 will raise the momentum, and connect new routes, with the target of operationalising 1000 routes and 50 additional airports, heliports, and water aerodromes.

Note: In 2020, 78 new routes were approved under the RCS-UDAN 4.0 scheme
Key Features:
i. The earlier stage length constraint of 600 km has been eliminated and there are no restrictions on the distance between the origin and destination of the trip in UDAN 5.0, which concentrates on Category-2 (20-80 seats) and Category-3 (>80 seats).
ii. Viability gap funding (VGF) to be provided will be capped at 600 km stage length for both Priority and Non-Priority areas, which was earlier capped at 500 km.
Note: The UDAN scheme is funded through a Rs 50 levy on flight tickets on major routes. The levy accounts for 80 percent of the viability gap funding provided to the airlines, with the remaining 20 per cent provided by State governments. Under the scheme, airlines are offered viability gap funding for 50 per cent of the seats on a flight and fares for those seats are capped by the government.
iii. No predetermined routes would be offered under UDAN 5.0, and only Network and Individual Route Proposal proposed by airlines would be considered.
iv. The airlines will now need to submit an action/business plan after 2 months from the issuance of the Letter of Award (LoA), wherein they submit their aircraft acquisition plan/availability of aircraft, crew, slots, etc., at the time of the Technical Proposal.
v. The same route will not be awarded to a single airline more than once, whether in different networks or in the same network.
vi. Exclusivity will be withdrawn if the average quarterly Passenger Load Factor (PLF) is higher than 75% for four consecutive quarters to prevent exploitation of the monopoly on a route.
vii. 25% of the Performance Guarantee to be encashed for each month of delay up to 4 months, to further incentivise quick operationalisation.
viii. Airlines would be required to commence operations within 4 months of the award of the route. Earlier, this deadline was 6 months.
ix. A list of airports that are ready for operation or would soon be ready for operations has been included in the scheme to facilitate quicker operationalisation of routes under the Scheme.
x. The Novation process for routes from one operator to another is simplified and incentivised.
About Ministry of Civil Aviation:
Union Minister – Jyotiraditya M. Scindia (Rajya Sabha Madhya Pradesh)
Minister of state (MoS): General (Retd.) Vijay Kumar Singh (Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh)



3) PM Modi to release ₹100 coin to mark 100 episodes of Mann Ki Baat

On 21st April 2023, the Ministry of Finance issued an official notification announcing that the Government will release a new ₹100 coin on 30th April 2023, to commemorate the 100th episode of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s radio show Mann Ki Baat.
On October 3, 2014, PM Modi made his radio debut with “Maan Ki Baat“
(Words from the Heart) which is a monthly radio program aired on All India Radio, at 11 am on the last Sunday of each month.
i. The program has covered a wide range of subjects, including social issues, government policies, and cultural events.
ii. The initiative is a distinctive way for the Prime Minister to connect with the people of India and share his thoughts and ideas with them.
To mark the occasion of the 100th episode of the program,  a coin was planned to be released with the face value of ₹100. Although commemorative coins hold a legal tender status, they are not typically accessible for ordinary circulation.
About the coin:
Shape : Circular
Diameter : 44 millimetres along with 200 serrations
Weight : 35 grams
Metal and composition: Quaternary alloy composed of 50% silver, 40 % copper, 5 % nickel, and 5 % zinc.
Design – Front Side:
The coin’s obverse side will have the Lion Capital of Ashoka Pillar at the centre with “Satyamev Jayate” inscribed below it. “Bharat” in Devanagari script and “INDIA” in English will be inscribed on the left and right peripherals, respectively. The coin will also feature the Rupee symbol “₹” and “100” denomination.
Design – Backside:
On the reverse side, the logo for the 100th Episode of Mann Ki Baat will be displayed, featuring a microphone with sound waves and the year “2023” inscribed on it. “Mann Ki Baat 100” will be written above and below the microphone image in Devanagari and English.



4) IGGL completes Asia’s largest underwater hydrocarbon pipeline

On 22nd April 2023, Mr. Ajit Kumar Thakur, CEO of Indradhanush Gas Grid Limited (IGGL), announced that the company has completed the construction of Asia’s largest underwater hydrocarbon pipeline.
Key Points:
i. This pipeline, with a diameter of 24 inches, has been laid below the Brahmaputra river, connecting Jorhat and Majuli in Assam by using the Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) method.
ii. The total length of this single HDD crossing is 4,080 metres across the main water channel of the Brahmaputra river, making it the longest river crossing by any hydrocarbon pipeline of size 24-inch diameter and above in Asia and the second longest in the world.
iii. This marks a significant milestone in the construction of the North East Gas Grid (NEGG), which aims to connect North East India to the National Gas Grid.

·         NEGG stretches for 1,656 kilometres and connects major cities and demand centres in North East India to the National Gas Grid.

Additional Info:
This unique HDD river crossing was executed using the intersection method, where two HDD rigs simultaneously started drilling from opposite sides of the Brahmaputra river and intersected at 30 metres beneath the river bed.
About  Indradhanush Gas Grid Limited (IGGL):
IGGL is the joint venture between IOCL, ONGC, GAIl, OIL and NRL
CEO –  Ajit Kumar Thakur
Headquarters – Assam
Incorporated – 2018



5) Telangana CM KCR unveils 125-ft-tall Ambedkar statue in Hyderabad

On April 14, 2023 Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrasekhar Rao has unveiled the 125-ft tall bronze statue of Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji (BR) Ambedkar in Hyderabad in Telangana, to mark the 132nd birth anniversary of the architect of the Indian Constitution.
i. The statue was built using 360 tonnes of stainless steel and 114 tonnes of bronze, at a cost of ₹ 146.50 crore.
ii. The tallest statue of Ambedkar in India stands next to the State Secretariat on the banks of Hyderabad’s famous Hussain Sagarlake.
iii. The statue has been sculpted by 98-years-old Ram Vanji Sutar from Maharashtra, Mumbai is a Padma Bhushan awardee.
iv. The statue has been built on a 50-feet high pedestal with a ground floor measuring 172 feet and terrace of 74 feet.
v. Over 35,000 people from all 119 constituencies attended the ceremony, as many as 750 state-run Road Transport Corporation buses were being operated for the public
vi. Ambedkar’s grandson Prakash Ambedkar was invited as the sole chief guest at the event.
vii. Telangana state government has instituted an Award in the name of Babasaheb Dr. BR Ambedkar
viii. Every year the award worth 3 crore rupees will be given on the birth anniversary of Babasaheb to anyone who contributes for Dalit Welfare.
The Bharat Gaurav Tourist train on Ambedkar Circuit flagged off from New Delhi
On April 14, 2023 on the occasion of the 132nd birth anniversary of social reformer Bhimrao Ramji (BR) Ambedkar, a special tourist train named Bharat Gaurav has been launched by Union Minister of Tourism, G Kishan Reddy and Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment (MoSJE), Virendra Kumar that will take passengers to various cities associated with him across the country.
Bharat Gaurav tourist train is being operated under the ‘Dekho Apna Desh’ initiative which aims to promote domestic tourism and the spirit of “Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat”.
i. IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation) in association with Ministry of Tourism is operating its first tour on the Ambedkar circuiton an 8 days special tour from HazratNizamuddin Railway Station, New Delhi, Delhi.
Note: The Ambedkar Circuit or Panchteerth was first proposed in 2016 by the Central Government. It includes:

·         Janma Bhoomi– Ambedkar’s birthplace in Madhya Pradesh’s Mhow.

·         Shiksha Bhoomi- the place in London where he stayed while studying in the UK.

·         Deeksha Bhoomi– the place in Nagpur where he embraced Buddhism.

·         Mahaparinirvan Bhoomi– the place of his demise in Delhi.

·         Chaitya Bhoomi– the place of his cremation is in Mumbai.

Dr. BR Ambedkar had faced very challenging situations in his life, and his life journey to empower the last man in the hierarchy and remove discrimination based on caste is very inspiring. Hence, the idea is to attract tourists beyond the Dalit community, who mostly visit these places as a pilgrimage.
ii. This 07 nights and 08 days Bharat Gaurav Tourist train will include a visit to prominent places associated with the life of the social reformer DR.BR Ambedkarsuch as New Delhi in Delhi, Mhow in Madhya pradesh, and Nagpur in Maharashtra, and sacred Buddhist sites like Sanchi (Madhya pradesh), Sarnath (Uttar Pradesh), Gaya and Rajgir and Nalanda (In Bihar).
iii. The tourist train is fitted with a well-equipped pantry car for rustling up freshly made vegetarian meals for tourists. Infotainment system, CCTV cameras, and security guard services are also availabe.



6) Log9 Materials sets up India’s first Lithium-ion cell facility

Log9 Materials, a Bengaluru (Karnataka) based nanotechnology company backed by Amara Raja Group, inaugurated India’s first lithium-ion cell manufacturing facility at its campus in Jakkur, Bengaluru, Karnataka. Log9’s commercial Li-ion cell production facility will have an initial capacity of 50 Megawatt hours (MWh).

·         This facility will cater to LTO (Lithium titanate (LTO) and LFP ((lithium ferrophosphate) cell manufacturing

·         The manufacturing line will support the production of large form factor cylindrical cells ranging from 22 Series to 66 Series.

·         The production of Log9’s LTO TiB cells will contribute to a carbon emission reduction of 90T per vehicle with a total CO2 reduction of 147 kT every year.

·         Log9 will spend around Rs 200 crore on expanding its existing battery pack facility.

Note: Ola Electric had also announced its plans to build battery cells from its greenfield facility by 2023.




7) World Bank’s LPI 2023 Report: India Ranked 38; Singapore Topped the Index

According to the World Bank’s (WB) report titled Connecting to Compete 2023: Trade Logistics in an Uncertain Global Economy – the Logistics Performance Index (LPI) and its indicators” released on April 21, 2023, India’s rank increased by 6 places to 38 in the index, from 44 in 2018.

·         Singapore topped the ranking followed by Finland at second, and Denmark at third.

·         This is the 7th edition of Connecting to Compet, a report that summarize the findings from the new dataset for LPI and its component indicators. 

Key Points:

i.India shares the 38th rank with Lithuania, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Türkiye.
ii.GoI (Government of India) had announced a National Master Plan, PM Gati Shakti for multi-modal connectivity, in October 2021 to reduce logistics cost and boost the economy by 2024-25.
About World Bank (WB):
World Bank Group President – David Malpass
Headquarters – Washington, DC, USA
Establishment – 1944



8) RBI gives 3 Year Relaxation for HDFC Bank to meet PSL; SEBI Approves transfer of Controlling stake of HDFC AMC to HDFC Bank 

In April 2023, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has provided relaxation of 3 years for HDFC Bank, India’s largest private sector lender, to meet Priority Sector Lending (PSL) requirements after its merger with Housing Development Finance Corporation Ltd (HDFC).

·         The RBI has refused to make any exceptions on cash reserve ratio (CRR) and statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) requirements as sought by HDFC Bank.

·         HDFC Bank has to set aside 4.5% of HDFC’s assets as CRR and 18% as SLR after the merger.

·         Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed ownership change of HDFC Asset Management Company Limited (HDFC AMC), a subsidiary of HDFC Limited and the AMC of HDFC Mutual Fund (HDFC MF)

About HDFC Bank Ltd
MD & CEO – Sashidhar Jagdishan
Establishment – 1994
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Tagline – We Understand Your World


9) Mastercard collaborates with India’s M1xchange to roll out digital invoice discounting for farmers

Mastercard has collaborated with M1xchange to offer a digital invoice discounting solution to farmers, Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs), and agri-MSMEs (Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises) through Farm Pass, its agritech platform.

·         This solution is the first of its kind for the agriculture sector and will help lenders in underwriting credit offerings through the Trade Receivables Discounting System (TReDS).

Note: Farm Pass is part of Mastercard’s broader Community Pass platform.
Key Points:
i.As part of the collaboration, M1xchange, an RBI (Reserve Bank of India)-approved facilitator for discounting and sale of receivables to banks and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs), will bring on board its agri-businesses and lenders.
ii.The platform will enable easy access to credit and working capital.
iii.The solution will allow farmers and FPOs to directly connect with buyers, negotiate the best price for their produce with instant payment.
About M1xchange:
CEO– Sundeep Mohindru
Headquarters- Gurugram, Haryana



10) ICICI Bank introduces EMI facility for UPI payments by scanning QR code

On April 11, 2023, the ICICI Bank introduced an easy first-of-its-kind EMI (Equated Monthly Instalment) facility for UPI (Unified Payment Interface) payments made by scanning QR code.

·         To improve convenience of the customers and to provide unique solutions to address their evolving credit needs.

Key Points:
i.Eligibility: Customers who are eligible for PayLater, the Bank’s ‘buy now, pay later’ service can avail of the EMI facility in an instant, easy and seamless manner.
ii.The facility can be availed across different categories such as electronics, groceries, fashion apparels, travel and hotel bookings.
iii.Customers could pay transaction amounts above Rs 10,000 by scanning a QR code for easy instalments in three, six or nine months.
i.The EMI facility for PayLater will shortly be extended for online shopping as well.
ii.This facility improves the affordability of the Bank’s customers as they could now instantly buy products or services just by scanning the required merchant QR code at a store and making payments in EMIs.
Additional info: ICICI Bank was the first bank to introduce PayLater facility in 2018 to enable customers to buy small ticket items immediately in a completely digital and paperless manner.
About ICICI Bank Ltd.
Establishment – 1994
Headquarters – Mumbai, Maharashtra
MD & CEO – Sandeep Bakhshi
Tagline – Hum Hai Na Khayal Apka




11) Morgan Stanley: India’s GDP to grow at 6.2% in FY24; Inflation to be 5.5% in FY24

According to the Morgan Stanley, India’s gross domestic product (GDP) was proposed to grow at 6.2% in FY24 (Financial year 2023-24) due to the contribution of a cyclical recovery in consumption, increased private sector capex (Capital Expenditure), and acceleration on government spending.

·         The Inflation in India was projected to average around 5.5% in FY24 and it was likely to be below 5% in the Q2 of the calendar year 2024. Inflation for April 2023 is currently tracking at 4.7% YoY (Year-on-Year).

·         Inflation is expected to decrease to below 5% Q1 FY24, supported by favourable base effects and moderating commodity prices.

ii.The headline consumer price index (CPI) for March 2023 was expected to be in line with expectations.
iii.On the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) action on repo rate, it expects the rates to be on hold in the calendar year 2023 as inflation will remain below the 6% mark and change in repo rates are expected to occur in Q1 of 2024.




12) National COVID-19 Vaccination Programme of MoH&FW receives PM’s Award for Excellence in Public Administration 2022 for Innovation

i.On April 21, 2023, the National COVID-19 Vaccination Programme of the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoH&FW) received the Prime Minister’s (PM) Award for Excellence in Public Administration 2022 under the innovation category.
ii.It was received by Rajesh Bhushan, Secretary, MoH&FW from the PM Narendra Modi at a function organized on the occasion of 16th Civil Services Day at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, Delhi.
iii.The Civil Services Day is being celebrated annually on April 21 to recognize the contribution of Civil Servants to Society.
About Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW):
Union Minister– Mansukh Mandaviya
Minister of State– Bharati Pravin Pawar




13) Oliver Dowden appointed as a new Deputy PM of UK after Dominic Raab’s resignation

On April 21, 2023, The British government named Oliver Dowden deputy prime minister, replacing Dominic Raab, who resigned earlier in the day following an inquiry into bullying allegations.
i. Oliver Dowden had been serving in Rishi Sunak’s (Prime Minister of United Kingdom) government as the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Cabinet Office secretary before the new appointment.
ii. An independent investigation intoDominicRaab’s behavior was launched in November 2022 after eight formal complaints were lodged by at least 24 staff members.
iii. Dominic Raab served as the Deputy Prime Minister, Justice Secretary, and Lord Chancellor of the United Kingdom, who was appointed by Rishi Sunak after he took power in October 2022.
iv. British Lawmaker, Alex Chalk was appointed new justice minister, and Lord Chancellor, a position which Dominic Raab previously held. He currently serves in the Ministry of Defence as Minister for Defence Procurement.
Note: Dominic Raab’s resignation marks the third dramatic Cabinet departure since Rishi Sunak became the Prime Minister of Britain.
About Oliver Dowden:

·         Oliver Dowden was elected as a Conservative MP for Hertsmere, England, United Kingdom in May 2015.

·         He served in the Boris Johnson government as Minister for the Cabinet Office and Paymaster General from 2019 to 2020 and Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport from 2020 to 2021.

·         In the 2021 cabinet reshuffle, he was moved to the posts of Co-Chairman of the Conservative Party, he resigned from these roles in June 2022, after the party suffered two devastating by-election losses.

About United Kingdom:
Capital: London
Prime Minister: Rishi Sunak
Currency: Pound sterling (GBP – Great Britain Pound)



14) Star Sports Signs Indian Cricketer Rishabh Pant as brand ambassador

Star Sports Network India, also known as Star Sports India, owned by Walt Disney Company, has signed Indian Cricketer Rishabh Pant as its brand ambassador.

·         Star Sports has also signed Indian cricketers Hardik Pandya, Ravindra Jadeja, KL Rahul, and Shreyas Iyer as its Belive Ambassadors.

·         Star Sports has expanded its roster of 2 ambassadors in 2017 to 6 ambassadors, which also includes former Indian cricket team Captain Virat Kohli.



15) Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh sworn in as 8th CJ of Tripura HC

On 17th April 2023, Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh, Judge, High Court (HC) of Jharkhand has sworn in as the 8th Chief Justice(CJ) of the Tripura High Court.

·         Satyadeo Narain Arya, Governor of Tripura, administered the oath of office in a function at Raj Bhavan.

On 11th April 2023, the Department of Justice (Appointments
Division), Ministry of Law and Justice issued the notification regarding the appointment of Justice Aparesh Kumar Singh as CJ of Tripura HC replacing Justice T. Amarnath Goud, senior most puisne Judge of the HC of Tripura, who was serving as the acting CJ of the HC of Tripura since 23rd February 2023.

·         The Supreme Court collegium, headed by Chief Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, recommended the name of Justice Singh for the post.




16) CCI approved the acquisition of Emerson Electric Co by BCP Emerald Aggregator LP

On 21st April 2023, The Competition Commission of India (CCI), has approved the acquisition of climate technologies’ business of Emerson Electric Co by BCP Emerald Aggregator LP under the green channel route.

·         BCP Emerald Aggregator LP is an affiliate of Blackstone, an alternative asset manager based in the United States of America(USA).

CCI has also approved the proposed investment by Stamford Bridge Investment Pte Ltd, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) of GIC (Ventures) Private Limited and Platinum Falcon B 2018 RSC Ltd (Platinum), in BCP Emerald Aggregator LP.

·         GIC (Ventures) is a subsidiary of Singapore’s sovereign wealth fund GIC, while Platinum is an affiliate of the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA).




17) ISRO launched 2 Singaporean Satellites under PSLV-C55/TeLEOS-2 Mission 

On 22nd April 2023, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has launched PSLV-C55 with two Singaporean satellites – TeLEOS-2 as the primary satellite and Lumelite-4 as a co-passenger satellite, as a part of the PSLV-C55/TeLEOS-2 mission, from Satish Dhawan Space Center(SDSC)-Sriharikora Range(SHAR), Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.

·         The 2 satellites, TeLEOS-2 and Lumelite-4 were intended to be launched into an Eastward low-inclination orbit.

·         This marks the 57th flight of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle(PSLV) and the 16th mission using the PSLV Core Alone configuration (PSLV-CA).

·         The PSLV-C55 also carried the PSLV Orbital Experimental Module-2 (POEM-2).

About Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO):
Chairman– S Somanath
Headquarters– Bengaluru, Karnataka



18) Economic Explosives Limited to supply UAV ‘Nagastra‘ to Indian Army under MoU with MoD

On April 21, 2023, Economic Explosives Limited (EEL), a wholly owned subsidiary of Nagpur (Maharashtra)-based Solar Industries India Limited has signed a 1-year contract worth Rs 212 crore with the Ministry of Defence (MoD) for the supply of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) ‘Nagastra’, a Loiter Munition (LM), to the Indian Army (IA).

·         It is the first of its kind LM made by an Indian Company.

Note: The first indigenous LM Nagastra-1, a fixed wing electric UAV, has been designed and developed by EEL in association with Z-Motion, Bengaluru (Karnataka).
Key Points:
i.A model of ‘Nagastra -1’ loitering ammunition was displayed in the Army Commanders conference held in New Delhi. It has an indigenous content of more than 75%.
ii.In a ‘Kamikaze mode’ it can neutralize any hostile threat with GPS (Global Positioning System) enabled precision strike with an accuracy of 2 m.
iii.It has an endurance of 60 min with a man-in-loop range of 15 km and autonomous mode range of 30 km.
iv.The loiter ammunition is equipped with a fragmentation warhead to defeat soft-skin targets.
v.In case a target is not detected or if the mission is aborted, the loiter ammunition can be called back and made a soft landing with a parachute recovery mechanism enabling it to be reused multiple times.

·         This abort, recover and reuse features make this system superior to similar class of systems developed by advanced countries.




19) Former MP Trilochan Kanungo passes away at 83 in Bhubaneswar

Veteran politician and former Member of Parliament(MP) – Lok Sabha Trilochan Kanungo, a member of Biju Janata Dal (BJD), passed away at the age of 83 in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. He was born on 24th November 1940 at Badamulei village under Kantapada block in Cuttack district, Odisha.

·         He was elected to the Odisha Assembly as a Member of the Legislative Assembly(MLA) in 1971, 1974 and 1985.

·         In 1999, he was elected to the Lok Sabha (MP) from the Jagatsinghpur constituency on BJD ticket.

·         He has also served as the Chairman of Cuttack municipality from 1979-80 and 1992-1995.

·         He was also chairman of the second Odisha Finance Commission.




20) International Mother Earth Day 2023 – April 22 

The United Nations(UN)’s International Mother Earth Day, also known as “Earth Day” is annually observed across the globe on 22nd April to create awareness about humanity’s relationship with the natural world.  The day highlights the importance of the health of Mother Earth and its effects on Humanity’s health.

·         22nd April 2023 marks the 53rd anniversary of the Earth Day. 

The United Nations General Assembly(UNGA) adopted the resolution on 22nd April 2009 and proclaimed the 22nd April of every year as the International Mother Earth Day.
The origin of International Mother Earth Day dates back to the 1969 UNESCO Conference held in San Francisco, United States of America (USA), during which, Peace activist John McConnell from the USA, proposed the global observance “Earth Day” to celebrate the Earth’s life and beauty.

·         Since 1970, 22nd April has been observed as Earth Day by the EARTHDAY.ORG in more than 190 countries.

WMO released climate report ahead of Earth Day:  Past 8 years ‘warmest on record
According to the State of the Global Climate 2022, the annual report from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), released ahead of Earth Day 2023(April 22), the 8 years, 2015-2022 were the warmest in the instrumental record back to 1850, despite the cooling impact of three consecutive years of a cooling La Niña. 2022 was the 5th or 6th warmest year.





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