Here is the Daily GK Update of the
09th & 10th October 2022 covering
the following news headlines: Indian Foreign Service Day, World Mental Health
Day, Pankaj Advani, FIH Player of the Year, Japanese Grand Prix, Garuda
To create cybersecurity awareness
among all employees, Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. (IREDA)
observed the “Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas”. On this occasion, Shri Alok Kumar,
Information Security Consultant, AKS IT Services, shared his insights with
IREDA employees on the practice of cyber hygiene.
Cyber Jaagrukta Diwas is an initiative
launched by the Ministry of Home Affairs that requires all government
organizations to spread cybersecurity awareness. It is observed on first
Wednesday of every month. The purpose is to create awareness and sensitize the
Internet users on safeguarding against cyber frauds and cybercrimes.
Chhattisgarh chief minister Bhupesh
Baghel has inaugurated the state’s own Olympics. The aim is to provide a
centerstage to the village level sports so that a feeling of pride for the
culture is inculcated.
Secondly, to channelise the energy of
the local youths which is very important for our society, Baghel inaugurated
the grand multi-sport event at Balbir Singh Juneja Indoor Stadium in Raipur,
claiming to revive the age-old-tradition of traditional games namely ‘langdi’,
‘bhaura’, ‘bati’ (kancha), and ‘pitthul’.
The event will continue till January
6, 2023 and as many as 14 types of traditional sports have been included in the
team and individual categories of separate age groups.
Important takeaways for all
Chhattisgarh Capital: Raipur;
Chhattisgarh Chief Minister: Bhupesh
Chhattisgarh Governor: Anusuiya Uikey.
Indian cricket star Smriti Mandhana
has signed on as a brand ambassador of lubricant manufacturer Gulf Oil India.
India women’s vice-captain joins current men’s cricket ace Hardik Pandya and
former captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni as an ambassador for the company.
Through the partnership, Gulf Oil
stated that it aims to ‘celebrate women power’ and ‘inspire female audience in
the country’, while also honouring the achievements of Indian women cricketers.
With this association, Gulf Oil claims to have become the first company in the
lubricant space to appoint a woman cricketer as ambassador to represent the
organisation and its ethos.
Former Indian cricket Mahendra Singh
Dhoni has launched the made-in-India camera drone named ‘Droni’ with advanced
features manufactured by Garuda Aerospace.
Dhoni is the brand ambassador of
Garuda Aerospace, a company which has attempted to offer drone solutions for
agricultural pesticide spraying, solar panel cleaning, industrial pipeline
inspections, mapping, surveying, public announcements, and delivery services.
It has ventured into the consumer drone market with ‘Droni’.
Important Takeaways for All
Garuda Aerospace’s founder and CEO:
In New Delhi, the Department for
Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) held a national workshop on
the topic of “Ease of Doing Business.” Shri Parameswaran Iyer, CEO of Niti
Aaayog, gave the keynote speech at the workshop.
The vision of Prime Minister Shri
Narendra Modi for ease of living and Ease of doing Business was also discussed
by Shri Iyer.
By learning from one another, he
stated, the whole of government approach should be achieved.
The prominent panellists emphasised
the significance of coordination between the federal and state governments,
responsibility distribution among the nodal departments, and effective
monitoring as a few pillars that contributed to India’s improvement in the
World Bank’s Doing Business Report rankings.
The Reserve Bank Of India(RBI) has
released a concept note on the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). The CBDC
is a digital form of currency notes issued by a central bank. While most
central banks across the globe are exploring the issuance of CBDC, the key
motivations for its issuance are specific to each country’s unique
This Concept Note explains the
objectives, choices, benefits and risks of issuing a CBDC in India, referred to
as e-₹ (digital Rupee). The e-₹ will provide an additional option to the
currently available forms of money. It is substantially not different from banknotes,
but being digital it is likely to be easier, faster and cheaper. It also has
all the transactional benefits of other forms of digital money.
The gross direct tax collections has
increased by over 23 per cent to eight lakh ninety eight thousand crore rupees
in the current financial year as compared to last year. Finance Ministry said,
the provisional figures of direct tax collections still continue to register steady growth.
In order to garner income for the
government to finance social projects, tax is collected from individuals and
corporations via direct tax and indirect tax. These two tax collections form
the government’s revenue. Revenue receipts can be of two types — non-tax
revenue and tax revenue. Tax revenue is the income gained by the government
Tax revenue forms a part of the
Receipt Budget, which in turn is part of the Annual Financial Statement of the
Union Budget. Union Budget keeps the account of the government’s finances for
the fiscal year that runs from April 1 to March 31. Union Budget is classified
into Revenue Budget and Capital Budget.
Chandrayaan-2 Orbiter’s X-ray
spectrometer ‘CLASS’ has mapped an abundance of sodium on the moon for the
first time, as per the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). As
Chandrayaan-1’s X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer (C1XS) detected sodium from its
characteristic line in X-rays, this opened up the possibility of mapping the
amount of sodium on the Moon.
The abundance of sodium was mapped in
a recent work published in ‘The Astrophysical Journal Letters’ for the first
time using CLASS (Chandrayaan-2 Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer), the
national space agency. Built at the U R Rao Satellite Centre of ISRO in
Bengaluru, CLASS provides clean signatures of the sodium line thanks to its
high sensitivity and performance,”.
Important Takeaways for All
ISRO Chairman: S. Somanath;
ISRO’s foundation Date: 15th August,
ISRO’s Founder: Dr. Vikram Sarabhai.
Red Bull driver Max Verstappen was
declared Formula One world champion after winning a dramatic rain-shortened
Japanese Grand Prix. This was the 25-year-old Dutchmans second championship in
a row, which he won with four races to go.
Red Bull’s Verstappen crossed the line
first and he was then awarded the title when second-place finisher Charles
Leclerc was given a five-second penalty, dropping him to third.
India men’s hockey team defender and
vice-captain Harmanpreet Singh has been voted the FIH Player of the Year for
the second year running. The 26-year-old became just the fourth player to win
the Player of the Year award (men’s category) in consecutive years, joining an elite
list that includes Teun De Nooijer (Netherlands), Jamie Dwyer (Australia) and
Arthur van Doren (Belgium).
In women’s category: Felice Albers of
Netherlands was named the FIH Player of the Year. The 22-year-old became the
youngest winner of the FIH Player of the Year award (women’s category) since
Germany’s Natascha Keller (1999) and second youngest ever, since the inception
of the awards in 1998.
Indian cueist, Pankaj Advani defended
his World Billiards Championships (150-up) title for the 5th time, beating
compatriot Sourav Kothari in the best-of-7 frames final at the High End Snooker
Club in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia for a record 25th title at the global level.
Pankaj’s last world title came over 12
months ago in Qatar where he won the IBSF Six-Red Snooker World Cup.
World Mental Health Day is observed on
October 10 every year. On this day, various programs are designed to draw
attention to mental health issues and their effects on those affected and the
lives of their caregivers.
In India, World Mental Health Day is
marked on the final day of the Mental Health Awareness Campaign Week campaign,
launched last year by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
The theme or rather the slogan for
2022’s celebration of World Mental health Day is “Make mental health &
well-being for all a global priority.” World Health Organisation (WHO) mentions
that before the COVID-19 pandemic, about one in eight people worldwide suffered
from mental issues.
World Federation for Mental Health
(WFMH) is a non-governmental organisation founded in 1948. The then WFMH Deputy
Secretary General Richard Hunter initiated the first celebration of World
Mental Health Day on October 10, 1992. From 1994 onwards, a special theme was
selected each year for the global event.
World Post Day is celebrated each year
on 9 October, the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal
Union in 1874 in the Swiss Capital, Bern.
This day celebrates the role of the
post in people’s and businesses’ everyday lives. It was declared World Post Day
by the UPU Congress held in Tokyo, Japan in 1969. Since then, countries across
the world participate annually in the celebrations. The Posts in many countries
use the event to introduce or promote new postal products and services.
The theme for World Post Day 2022 is
‘Post for Planet’. The Post is the world’s largest logistics network. Every
year, more than 150 countries celebrate World Post Day in a variety of ways. In
certain countries, World Post Day is observed as a working holiday.
Important takeaways for all
Universal Postal Union Headquarters:
Universal Postal Union Founded: 9
Universal Postal Union
Director-General: Masahiko Meteko.
October 9 is celebrated as Indian
Foreign Service Day. On 9 October 1946, the Indian government established the
Indian Foreign Service for India’s diplomatic, consular and commercial
Indian Foreign Service (IFS) will grow
from strength to strength in the coming years and will help advance India’s interests
globally, said External Affairs Minister (EAM) S Jaishankar as he greeted the
members of foreign service on the IFS Day 2022.
The history of the Service and this
day goes back to September 1946, when, on the eve of India’s Independence, the
Government of India decided to create a service called the Indian Foreign
Service for India’s diplomatic, consular and commercial representation
Financing Platform Launched by IFC:
The International Finance Corporation (IFC), the private sector investment arm
of the World Bank, has introduced a new, $6 billion funding facility to boost
the private sector’s capacity to respond to the Global Food crisis and aid in
food production in response to mounting food insecurity.
Rising levels of hunger and
malnutrition (Global Food Crisis) have already been made worse by climate
change and increasingly extreme weather events that are destroying harvests and
lowering yields. The conflict in Ukraine and an unequal worldwide recovery from
the COVID-19 pandemic have exacerbated to this trend.
Using the $6 billion and IFC
(International Finance Corporation)’s sectoral experience in agribusiness,
manufacturing, infrastructure, technology, the financial industry, and trade
financing, private sector businesses along the food value chain will be
The Financing Platform Launched by IFC (International Finance Corporation) will add to the World Bank ‘s $30 billion pledge to address the food crisis.
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