Basics of syllogism

Introduction to Syllogism


SYLLOGISMS is the most important topic with weightage of 3-5 marks.

Data given is hypothetical thus we’re expected to find NO resemblance with the real life. The questions in this topic can be asked in multiple format but the main idea/technique remains the same, in this topic we will understand about it.

IDENTIFY THE STATEMENT , SOLVE THE CONCLUSIONS & MARK THE OPTION

STATEMENTS : Though hypothetical we’re expected to treat the data from statements as FACT/TRUE. We’ll make a diagram to comprehend it.

CONCLUSIONS  : The format of data representing conclusions is same as statements but  CONCLUSIONS as name suggest needs to concluded. It may be of various nature viz. Positive, Negative & Possibility.

Every student is expected to follow the rules we discuss in this topic & should always remain confident  of their answers. LET’S GET STARTED!

RULE #1 DIAGRAM SHOULD BE MADE WITH MINIMUM INTERSECTION.


Image

TYPES OF CONCLUSIONS


Conclusions are of three type viz. Positive, Negative & Possibility

  • POSITIVE CONCLUSION : It doesn’t have NO, NOT or POSSIBILITY type usage of words eg: “I am the prime minister”
  • NEGATIVE CONCLUSION : It have NO, NOT but no POSSIBILITY type usage of words eg: “I am not the prime minister”
  • POSSIBILITY : Usage of word CAN/CAN’T, MAY/MAY NOT, IS IT POSSIBLE/NOT POSSIBLE etc. eg: “ I may be the prime minister”

RULE #2 : POSITIVE CONCLUSION

Syllogism rule 2

RULE #3 : NEGATIVE CONCLUSION

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Syllogism rule 3.1

RULE #4 : CONTRADICTING CONCLUSION

Syllogism rule 4
Syllogism rule 4.1

RULE #5 : POSSIBILITY CONCLUSION

Syllogism rule 4
Syllogism rule 5.1

RULE #6 : NEGATIVE CONCLUSION

Syllogism rule 6
Syllogism rule 6.1

RULE #7 : No Connection to REAL understaning

Syllogism rule 7
Syllogism rule 7.1
In this blog post, we have discussed about the steps to solve syllogism questions. For more such such information visit us on www.planete.in

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